Cultural Diversity in Nigeria: A Blessing or perhaps a Curse?


Cultural diversity can be a phrase generally utilized in describing a society with people of various ethnic roots which manifest within their languages, mode of dressing, arts, along with other traditional practices which are either similar or distinctively not the same as each group. Such traditional practices are greatly regarded and held with great admiration among people of the ethnic group. In Nigeria as an example, when it comes to dressing a core northerner is identified having a starchy ironed fez as a cap. Inside the western section of Nigeria which is dominated by Yoruba ethnic group, people generally sew their cap inside a long style which is neatly folded when worn about the head. However, inside the eastern side of the country the Ibo are know for his or her red cap which is traditional worn (but mostly) by title holders. Other minority ethnic groups inside the middle belt region like the Tiv, Ngas, Idoma, Nupe, etc, also provide unique cultural attributes that assist in recognizing their cultural roots when appeared inside the public. For example, the Tiv folks Nigeria are well known for a’nger, a distinctive traditional costume (fabric), lineally attached to monochrome features, that is generally worn by Tiv visitors to identify with their cultural origin. – Free listing in Nigeria

The photo created above are a cultural mosaic or congress of cultures consensually living in one community called Nigeria. However, to state how culturally diversified Nigeria is, there is certainly have to have mental cross-section of Kaduna state which has, over the years, remained a unifying point for varying cultures.

Kaduna state is surely an epitome of your highly diversified sub-political entity in Nigeria with more than fifteen tribes/ethnic groups. Aside from the Hausas, which dominate the northern area of the state, there are tons of minority tribes/cultural groups settling around Kaduna state. For instance, southeast the state has Kagoro, Moro’a, Jaba, Fantsuan, Kataf, Baju, Gbagi, Kagoma, Mada, Ninzam, Attakar, Fulani, Attukur, Koro etc. Each one of these tribes/ethnic groups mentioned above have cultural attributes which are similar in reality or remarkable different from the other person. Kagoro ethnic group, as an example, set aside January 1 of every year to celebrate her people and culture. In each and every Kagoro Day (1st January), there are plenty of cultural display: Dance, costumes, arts, etc. The event draws individuals from parts of the nation especially sons and daughters of Kagoro along with highly dignifying chiefs within Nigeria.

Alternatively, the disparities inside ethnic groups have existed for a long time. Even just in the history of Nigeria, you can agree with mcdougal that it was the cultural or ethnic differences which propelled polarize ideologies that made indirect rule during the colonial era to be successful in the north without success in the south. Also, it absolutely was the indication of such differences that made the folks of the southern section of Nigeria to need for independence in 1958 when the northern representatives said they aren’t ready. After independence was finally achieved in 1960, many ethnic groups have shown secession tendencies. Some of these secession moves by a few ethnic groups create a dreaded civil war while some were overtaken by dialogue for your achievement of peace and development in other locations concerned.

Each one of these have shown that Nigeria being a nation was made from sheer colonial enforcement, to accomplish charge of peoples as well as to maximized resources inside carved boundary of the colonial sub-entity in Africa. This, however, made her peoples (tribes/ethnic groups) being bounded together in ‘fate’. Fate in the sense that, the differences built into the particular groups have provided rise to so many crisis: culturally, politically, as well as on socio-religious ground. Many Nigerians recognized this fact including Amodu (2008) who claims that: “We (the peoples of Nigeria) survived like a nation and as a people united by fate as well as in faith of God’s glory of your brighter, prosperous future for the beloved and blessed country Nigeria”. Which means that, even though fate has had the peoples of Nigeria together, their faith in God is likely to make these phones survive from the odds result in because of the differences within the groups. Speculate Davis (2008) puts it: “Fate as you may know it often lies beyond our means of understanding and surfaces at only the proper moment in our lives” Hence, fate has befall us (Nigerians) with all the reality of staying/living, and working together together big family for the greater achievement from the dreams of our a nation.

However, staying, living in addition to cooperating doesn’t make Nigeria one, because there a large number of differences that are still keeping her peoples apart. As an example, religion has always been one major factor which has contributed to the disunity from the Nigerian peoples. Another divisive aspect in Nigeria against the ethnic groups is politics. The trend of politics is usually divided along ethnic lines. Extremely common to have an ethnic group to feel marginalized by policies of the leader who isn’t looking at the side. This way, the north do not feel safe with all the leadership with the south. Likewise southerners often question the polices of a northern leader. When it comes to politics, the uninformed masses are often coined or cajoled into accepting political beliefs of the bias politicians by believing that, it should be someone from other ethnic group that may bring an improvement inside their community.

Notwithstanding, there’s also common areas of similarity in most with the cultures which explains the people of Nigeria use a common origin thus, they are capable of understanding each other. But a pair of things are paramount in multi-cultural or highly diversified society: Similarities and Differences. As the similarities in the cultural practices of the groups bring harmony within the society and encourage peace one of the people, the existing differences of these tribes/ethnic groups sometimes are negatively utilized by selfish minds from the unity and peace from the society. Nigerians along with folks any culturally diversified or ethnically mixed society should be able to maximize the opportunities by fostering “unity in diversity” as opposed to manipulating the diversity from the unity of the various societies, for selfish purposes. – Free listing in Nigeria